Who Invented The Marathon

The marathon is a race that has captivated athletes and spectators alike for decades. But have you ever wondered about its origins? Who was the mastermind behind this grueling test of endurance? Join me as we delve deep into the history of the marathon and uncover the fascinating story of its invention.

The Legend of Pheidippides

To understand the origins of the marathon, we must travel back to ancient Greece, where a legendary tale unfolds. It is said that in 490 BC, during the Battle of Marathon, a brave messenger named Pheidippides ran from the city of Marathon to Athens to deliver the news of the Greek victory over the Persians.

The distance covered by Pheidippides was roughly 26 miles, and he completed this remarkable feat without stopping. However, the story takes a tragic turn, as Pheidippides collapsed and died immediately after delivering his message. His sacrifice and determination became a symbol of steadfastness and courage.

Revival of the Marathon

Centuries after Pheidippides’ fateful run, the marathon was revived as an Olympic event. The credit for this revival goes to Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympic Games. Inspired by the ancient Greek tradition, Coubertin proposed the inclusion of the marathon in the inaugural modern Olympics held in Athens in 1896.

The marathon race held in the 1896 Olympics followed a similar route to that of Pheidippides. The distance was approximately 24.85 miles, and it proved to be an incredible spectacle for both athletes and spectators. The race was won by Greek runner Spyridon Louis, who became a national hero overnight.

The Marathon’s Evolution

Since its revival, the marathon has undergone several changes and has become one of the most popular races in the world. The official distance of the marathon was later standardized to 26.2 miles during the 1908 London Olympics. This alteration was made to ensure that the race started at Windsor Castle and finished in front of the royal box at the Olympic Stadium.

Over the years, the marathon has evolved into a global event, with millions of participants and countless spectators. It has transcended its athletic origins and has become a symbol of human perseverance and determination. The marathon’s popularity can be attributed to its unique ability to challenge individuals both physically and mentally.


In conclusion, while there isn’t a specific individual credited with inventing the marathon as we know it, the legend of Pheidippides and the revival of the race in the modern Olympics played crucial roles in its development. The marathon has come a long way since its ancient origins and has become a testament to the indomitable spirit of human beings.

So next time you witness a marathon, take a moment to appreciate the rich history behind this incredible race. It is a testament to the strength of the human spirit and a reminder that with determination and perseverance, we can conquer any challenge that comes our way.