What Is Good Running Technique

In my experience as a seasoned runner, I’ve come to realize that good running technique is crucial not only for overall performance but also for injury prevention. It took me quite some time to truly understand the importance of proper form, but once I did, it made a world of difference in my running journey.

The Basics of Good Running Technique

One of the key elements of good running technique is maintaining an upright posture. This means keeping your head up, shoulders relaxed, and spine straight. By doing so, you allow for efficient breathing and optimal oxygen intake during your runs.

Another important aspect is maintaining a slight forward lean from your ankles. This promotes a natural stride and helps propel you forward, while also minimizing the risk of overstriding, which can lead to various injuries.

Next, focus on your arm movement. Your arms should be bent at a 90-degree angle and swing naturally back and forth, parallel to your body. Avoid crossing your arms in front of your chest, as this can lead to unnecessary tension and energy waste.

The Footstrike Debate

One topic that often sparks debate among runners is footstrike – the way your foot makes contact with the ground. Some swear by a forefoot or midfoot strike, while others prefer a heel strike. Ultimately, the best footstrike for you may depend on various factors such as foot structure, running speed, and personal comfort.

Personally, I have found that a midfoot strike works well for me. It allows for a smooth transition from landing to push-off, and it feels more natural. However, it’s important to note that every runner is different, and what works for one person may not work for another.

Cadence, Stride Length, and Breathing

Cadence refers to the number of steps you take per minute. Increasing your cadence can help improve running efficiency and reduce the risk of injuries. Aim for a cadence of around 180 steps per minute, and focus on taking quick, light steps.

Stride length is another factor to consider. It’s important to find a stride length that feels comfortable and allows for efficient movement. Overstriding, or taking steps that are too long, can lead to increased impact forces and potential injuries.

Finally, proper breathing technique is essential for maintaining endurance and preventing fatigue. Focus on deep belly breathing, allowing your diaphragm to expand fully. This will help oxygenate your muscles and provide the necessary energy to keep you going.


Good running technique is a combination of several factors, including posture, footstrike, arm movement, cadence, stride length, and breathing. It may take some time and experimentation to find what works best for you, so don’t be afraid to try different approaches.

Remember, the key is to listen to your body and make adjustments accordingly. By incorporating proper running technique into your training, you can enhance your performance, reduce the risk of injuries, and truly enjoy the benefits of this incredible sport.