Can Running Make Your Testicles Hurt

As a passionate runner, I have experienced the incredible physical and mental benefits that come with this exhilarating activity. However, like any form of exercise, running can sometimes come with its own set of challenges and discomforts. One common concern that often arises among male runners is the potential for testicle pain during or after a run. In this article, I will delve into the topic of whether running can indeed make your testicles hurt, as well as explore the possible causes and solutions for this issue.

Understanding the Anatomy

Before diving into the potential reasons behind testicle pain during running, it’s important to have a basic understanding of the anatomy involved. The testicles are delicate organs located within the scrotum, which is the loose pouch of skin situated beneath the penis. They are responsible for producing sperm and testosterone, the primary male sex hormone. The testicles are connected to the body by the spermatic cord, which contains blood vessels, nerves, and a tube called the vas deferens.

Possible Causes of Testicle Pain

There are several reasons why running can cause discomfort or pain in the testicles:

1. Testicular Torsion

Testicular torsion occurs when the spermatic cord becomes twisted, cutting off blood flow to the testicles. Although it is considered a medical emergency, it is relatively rare and is not directly caused by running. However, intense physical activity, including running, may increase the risk of testicular torsion in individuals who are already predisposed to this condition. If you experience sudden and severe testicle pain, accompanied by swelling and nausea, seek medical attention immediately.

2. Varicocele

A varicocele is a condition in which the veins within the scrotum become enlarged, similar to varicose veins. While running itself may not directly cause a varicocele, the increased blood flow and pressure that occurs during exercise can exacerbate the symptoms, leading to testicular discomfort or pain. If you notice a dull ache or heaviness in your testicles during or after running, it’s worth consulting a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis.

3. Epididymitis

Epididymitis is the inflammation of the epididymis, a coiled tube located at the back of each testicle. It is typically caused by a bacterial infection, and running can potentially worsen the symptoms by causing increased blood flow and pressure to the affected area. If you experience testicular pain, swelling, or redness accompanied by a fever, it’s crucial to seek medical advice promptly.

4. Groin Strain

Running puts a significant amount of stress on the muscles and tendons in the groin area. Overuse or improper technique can lead to a groin strain, which can cause referred pain to the testicles. If you notice discomfort or pain in your groin that radiates to your testicles, it is advisable to take a break from running and allow your body to rest and heal.

Prevention and Management

Fortunately, there are steps you can take to prevent or manage testicle pain while running:

1. Wear Proper Supportive Gear

Investing in supportive underwear or compression shorts can provide additional support to the testicles and reduce discomfort during running. These garments help minimize unnecessary movement and can alleviate strain on the delicate structures in the scrotum.

2. Warm-Up and Stretch

Before embarking on your run, make sure to warm up your muscles and perform gentle stretches, focusing on the lower body, including the groin area. This helps prepare your body for the physical demands of running and may reduce the risk of strains or injuries.

3. Gradually Increase Intensity

If you are new to running or increasing your mileage, it’s essential to do so gradually. Sudden and excessive increases in speed or distance can put excessive stress on your body, including the testicles. Gradually increasing your running intensity allows your body to adapt and reduces the likelihood of discomfort or pain.

4. Listen to Your Body

Pay attention to any signs of discomfort or pain during your runs. If you experience testicle pain that persists or worsens, it is wise to take a break and consult a healthcare professional. They can provide a proper diagnosis and recommend appropriate treatment options.


While it is possible for running to cause testicle pain, it is essential to remember that this is not a universal experience among all male runners. The majority of individuals can enjoy the numerous benefits of running without any discomfort in this area. If you do happen to experience testicular pain during or after running, take it as a signal from your body to listen, assess, and make the necessary adjustments to ensure a safe and enjoyable running experience.